Getting a face-lift may not be something you would consider having—but you’ll think at least twice when you learn about a PDO thread lift. It has been popular in South Korea and Italy for many years, and has now made it to the USA.
PDO thread lift basics
When botulinum toxin or dermal filler won’t work, then consider what PDO threads can do. They can correct horizontal and vertical forehead wrinkles, lift your brow, smooth out your lower eyelids and creased cheeks, lift sagging cheeks, minimize nasolabial folds and marionette lines, smooth out crow’s feet lines and “smokers’” lines, and redefine your jaw line.
This is because PDO (polydioxanone) threads are placed into just below our skin and stimulate the following effects to skin:
Instantly lifts skin via a mechanical effect
Stimulates fibrin and elastin to produce collagen which improves skin texture, fine lines and elasticity
Stimulates new small blood vessel formation that support skin tissue growth that
Tightens skin by contracting the underlying fat and muscle
PDO threads are also effective for tightening sagging skin and adding volume in areas other than your face: neck, decollate, breast, abdomen, buttocks and legs. At a price of $750 to $3,000, the threadlift procedure is the most cost effective and safe ways to get a “face lift.”
What is PDO and how are threads placed?
PDO (polydioxanone) is a biodegradable synthetic polymer thread (suture) inside the lumen of a needle. Threads come in a few different types for different areas and targeted effects: smooth, twisted, and barbed. Threads range from tiny thin to heavy and thick; from ~ 1.5 to 6 inches in length.
Barbed have the ability to immediately pull the skin up to 1 cm, in addition to the gradual tightening and volumizing effect they provide.
When implanted into the subcutaneous layer of the skin (at about 5mm deep) these sutures create micro-injuries that stimulate new collagen production, blood vessel growth, and tissue contraction. They remain there until it naturally dissolves over 6-8 months by simple hydrolysis, but they leave behind lasting effects long after the sutures have dissolved: for 18-24 months. See the figure below.
Threads are placed with very little discomfort due to topical cream anesthesia that is applied for 20 min prior. The down time is generally none, but you will feel face tightness for 3-5 days after the procedure. There is no scarring and minimal if any bruising. The procedure can last from 15 to 60 minutes depending on the size and complexity.
Expected and adverse effects of a threadlift
You should expect some mild swelling and soreness for 3-5 days after your procedure. The sensation of mild tightness will last up to 2 weeks.
With smooth and twisted threads, there are very little adverse effects. If they migrate or their placement is somehow not right, they will simply dissolve and be of little significance. That’s because it’s the meshwork of these that makes the physical change, not just one thread alone.
With barbed threads the potential adverse effects can be more involved: temporary and mild dimpling of the skin (which usually resolves in a few days), facial asymmetry, or rarely prolonged pain. Prolonged dimpling and depressions can occur if not placed carefully, which can be later corrected using dermal filler.
More serious side effects are extremely rare, but can include infection, nerve damage, formation of granuloma or very rarely, damage to the salivary ducts.
Before the procedure
No alcohol, caffeine, or smoking 48 hours pre and post-surgery.
Take Arnica tablets and apply Arnica cream for 3 days before to 7 days after to help minimize bruising and swelling.
Avoid Vitamin E, fish oil, green tea, Aspirin, Ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatories for 1 week before the procedure. Blood thinners are a problem.
If you suffer from cold sores please discuss this with the Doctor. You may need to take anti-viral therapy (e.g. Acyclovir) for 3 days before and after the procedure.
The sedative Lorazepam (Ativan) can be prescribed by the doctor if you have anxiety about the procedure, to be taken 30 minutes before your procedure. Plan for a driver to bring you and take you home.
After the procedure:
For the first 24 hours please reduce speaking/laughter to minimize facial movements (can be painful); for the first 48 hours gntly apply cold compresses on and off to the threaded skin areas. No pressure to the face; use extra pillows and support when sleeping; sleep on your back.
Do not pull your face down, raise your eyebrows or smile for the first 3 days.
No drinking with straws as this distorts the facial muscles. Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid very hot drinks.
Do not use makeup (women) for 2-3 days; avoid shaving your face (men) for 10 days after the procedure (because of involuntary grimacing).
No heavy or strenuous exercise, just light exercise (e.g. walking) for 14 days.
To aging beautifully and feeling good,
Michael Cutler, M.D.